The Magnetic Paradigm:  Inherent Problems

Loss Cones In the Helmholtz Mirror [2]

 Toroidal Confinement Magnetic ie the Tokamak:

Another Russian White Elephant [2]


1.  Enormous Expense: Gigadollar Prices!

2.  Gross inefficiency:  1/1000th order of magnitude at best

3.  Complex magnetic fields required, high hysteresis, complex controls

4.  Plasma leakage:  results in power loss, damage to the vessel

5.  Huge volume required to compensate for leakage, erosion

6.  High current, special magnets required.  Superconductivity not yet practical.